Parsha Mase'ei |
1These were the marches of the Israelites who started out from the land of Egypt, troop by troop, in the charge of Moses and Aaron. 2Moses recorded the starting points of their various marches as directed by the Lord. Their marches, by starting points, were as follows:
3They set out from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month. It was on the morrow of the passover offering that the Israelites started out defiantly, in plain view of all the Egyptians. 4The Egyptians meanwhile were burying those among them whom the Lord had struck down, every first-born—whereby the Lord executed judgment on their gods.
5The Israelites set out from Rameses and encamped at Succoth. 6They set out from Succoth and encamped at Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness. 7They set out from Etham and turned about toward Pi-hahiroth, which faces Baal-zephon, and they encamped before Migdol. 8They set out from Pene-hahiroth and passed through the sea into the wilderness; and they made a three-days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham and encamped at Marah. 9They set out from Marah and came to Elim. There were twelve springs in Elim and seventy palm trees, so they encamped there. 10They set out from Elim and encamped by the Sea of Reeds. 11They set out from the Sea of Reeds and encamped in the wilderness of Sin. 12They set out from the wilderness of Sin and encamped at Dophkah. 13They set out from Dophkah and encamped at Alush. 14They set out from Alush and encamped at Rephidim; it was there that the people had no water to drink. 15They set out from Rephidim and encamped in the wilderness of Sinai. 16They set out from the wilderness of Sinai and encamped at Kibroth-hattaavah. 17They set out from Kibroth-hattaavah and encamped at Hazeroth. 18They set out from Hazeroth and encamped at Rithmah. 19They set out from Rithmah and encamped at Rimmon-perez. 20They set out from Rimmon-perez and encamped at Libnah. 21They set out from Libnah and encamped at Rissah. 22They set out from Rissah and encamped at Kehelath. 23They set out from Kehelath and encamped at Mount Shepher. 24They set out from Mount Shepher and encamped at Haradah. 25They set out from Haradah and encamped at Makheloth. 26They set out from Makheloth and encamped at Tahath. 27They set out from Tahath and encamped at Terah. 28They set out from Terah and encamped at Mithkah. 29They set out from Mithkah and encamped at Hashmonah. 30They set out from Hashmonah and encamped at Moseroth. 31They set out from Moseroth and encamped at Bene-jaakan. 32They set out from Bene-jaakan and encamped at Hor-haggidgad. 33They set out from Hor-haggidgad and encamped at Jotbath. 34They set out from Jotbath and encamped at Abronah. 35They set out from Abronah and encamped at Ezion-geber. 36They set out from Ezion-geber and encamped in the wilderness of Zin, that is, Kadesh. 37They set out from Kadesh and encamped at Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom.
38Aaron the priest ascended Mount Hor at the command of the Lord and died there, in the fortieth year after the Israelites had left the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month. 39Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor. 40And the Canaanite, king of Arad, who dwelt in the Negeb, in the land of Canaan, learned of the coming of the Israelites.
41They set out from Mount Hor and encamped at Zalmonah. 42They set out from Zalmonah and encamped at Punon. 43They set out from Punon and encamped at Oboth. 44They set out from Oboth and encamped at Iye-abarim, in the territory of Moab. 45They set out from Iyim and encamped at Dibon-gad. 46They set out from Dibon-gad and encamped at Almon-diblathaim. 47They set out from Almon-diblathaim and encamped in the hills of Abarim, before Nebo. 48They set out from the hills of Abarim and encamped in the steppes of Moab, at the Jordan near Jericho; 49they encamped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth as far as Abel-shittim, in the steppes of Moab.
50In the steppes of Moab, at the Jordan near Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 51Speak to the Israelite people and say to them: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52you shall dispossess all the inhabitants of the land; you shall destroy all their figured objects; you shall destroy all their molten images, and you shall demolish all their cult places. 53And you shall take possession of the land and settle in it, for I have assigned the land to you to possess. 54You shall apportion the land among yourselves by lot, clan by clan: with larger groups increase the share, with smaller groups reduce the share. Wherever the lot falls for anyone, that shall be his. You shall have your portions according to your ancestral tribes. 55But if you do not dispossess the inhabitants of the land, those whom you allow to remain shall be stings in your eyes and thorns in your sides, and they shall harass you in the land in which you live; 56so that I will do to you what I planned to do to them.
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Instruct the Israelite people and say to them: When you enter the land of Canaan, this is the land that shall fall to you as your portion, the land of Canaan with its various boundaries:
3Your southern sector shall extend from the wilderness of Zin alongside Edom. Your southern boundary shall start on the east from the tip of the Dead Sea. 4Your boundary shall then turn to pass south of the ascent of Akrabbim and continue to Zin, and its limits shall be south of Kadesh-barnea, reaching Hazar-addar and continuing to Azmon. 5From Azmon the boundary shall turn toward the Wadi of Egypt and terminate at the Sea.
6For the western boundary you shall have the coast of the Great Sea; that shall serve as your western boundary.
7This shall be your northern boundary: Draw a line from the Great Sea to Mount Hor; 8from Mount Hor draw a line to Lebo-hamath, and let the boundary reach Zedad. 9The boundary shall then run to Ziphron and terminate at Hazar-enan. That shall be your northern boundary.
10For your eastern boundary you shall draw a line from Hazar-enan to Shepham.
11From Shepham the boundary shall descend to Riblah on the east side of Ain; from there the boundary shall continue downward and abut on the eastern slopes of the Sea of Chinnereth.
12The boundary shall then descend along the Jordan and terminate at the Dead Sea.
That shall be your land as defined by its boundaries on all sides.
13Moses instructed the Israelites, saying: This is the land you are to receive by lot as your hereditary portion, which the Lord has commanded to be given to the nine and a half tribes. 14For the Reubenite tribe by its ancestral houses, the Gadite tribe by its ancestral houses, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their portions: 15those two and a half tribes have received their portions across the Jordan, opposite Jericho, on the east, the orient side.
16The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 17These are the names of the men through whom the land shall be apportioned for you: Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun. 18And you shall also take a chieftain from each tribe through whom the land shall be apportioned. 19These are the names of the men: from the tribe of Judah: Caleb son of Jephunneh. 20From the Simeonite tribe: Samuel son of Ammihud. 21From the tribe of Benjamin: Elidad son of Chislon. 22From the Danite tribe: a chieftain, Bukki son of Jogli. 23For the descendants of Joseph: from the Manassite tribe: a chieftain, Hanniel son of Ephod; 24and from the Ephraimite tribe: a chieftain, Kemuel son of Shiphtan. 25From the Zebulunite tribe: a chieftain, Elizaphan son of Parnach. 26From the Issacharite tribe: a chieftain, Paltiel son of Azzan. 27From the Asherite tribe: a chieftain, Ahihud son of Shelomi. 28From the Naphtalite tribe: a chieftain, Pedahel son of Ammihud.
29It was these whom the Lord designated to allot portions to the Israelites in the land of Canaan.
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the steppes of Moab at the Jordan near Jericho, saying: 2Instruct the Israelite people to assign, out of the holdings apportioned to them, towns for the Levites to dwell in; you shall also assign to the Levites pasture land around their towns. 3The towns shall be theirs to dwell in, and the pasture shall be for the cattle they own and all their other beasts. 4The town pasture that you are to assign to the Levites shall extend a thousand cubits outside the town wall all around. 5You shall measure off two thousand cubits outside the town on the east side, two thousand on the south side, two thousand on the west side, and two thousand on the north side, with the town in the center. That shall be the pasture for their towns.
6The towns that you assign to the Levites shall comprise the six cities of refuge that you are to designate for a manslayer to flee to, to which you shall add forty-two towns. 7Thus the total of the towns that you assign to the Levites shall be forty-eight towns, with their pasture. 8In assigning towns from the holdings of the Israelites, take more from the larger groups and less from the smaller, so that each assigns towns to the Levites in proportion to the share it receives.
9The Lord spoke further to Moses: 10Speak to the Israelite people and say to them: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 11you shall provide yourselves with places to serve you as cities of refuge to which a manslayer who has killed a person unintentionally may flee. 12The cities shall serve you as a refuge from the avenger, so that the manslayer may not die unless he has stood trial before the assembly.
13The towns that you thus assign shall be six cities of refuge in all. 14Three cities shall be designated beyond the Jordan, and the other three shall be designated in the land of Canaan: they shall serve as cities of refuge. 15These six cities shall serve the Israelites and the resident aliens among them for refuge, so that anyone who kills a person unintentionally may flee there.
16Anyone, however, who strikes another with an iron object so that death results is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death. 17If he struck him with a stone tool that could cause death, and death resulted, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death. 18Similarly, if the object with which he struck him was a wooden tool that could cause death, and death resulted, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death. 19The blood-avenger himself shall put the murderer to death; it is he who shall put him to death upon encounter. 20So, too, if he pushed him in hate or hurled something at him on purpose and death resulted, 21or if he struck him with his hand in enmity and death resulted, the assailant shall be put to death; he is a murderer. The blood-avenger shall put the murderer to death upon encounter.
22But if he pushed him without malice aforethought or hurled any object at him unintentionally, 23or inadvertently dropped upon him any deadly object of stone, and death resulted—though he was not an enemy of his and did not seek his harm— 24in such cases the assembly shall decide between the slayer and the blood-avenger. 25The assembly shall protect the manslayer from the blood-avenger, and the assembly shall restore him to the city of refuge to which he fled, and there he shall remain until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the sacred oil. 26But if the manslayer ever goes outside the limits of the city of refuge to which he has fled, 27and the blood-avenger comes upon him outside the limits of his city of refuge, and the blood-avenger kills the manslayer, there is no bloodguilt on his account. 28For he must remain inside his city of refuge until the death of the high priest; after the death of the high priest, the manslayer may return to his land holding.
29Such shall be your law of procedure throughout the ages in all your settlements.
30If anyone kills a person, the manslayer may be executed only on the evidence of witnesses; the testimony of a single witness against a person shall not suffice for a sentence of death. 31You may not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of a capital crime; he must be put to death. 32Nor may you accept ransom in lieu of flight to a city of refuge, enabling one to return to live on his land before the death of the priest. 33You shall not pollute the land in which you live; for blood pollutes the land, and the land can have no expiation for blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. 34You shall not defile the land in which you live, in which I Myself abide, for I the Lord abide among the Israelite people.
1The family heads in the clan of the descendants of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh, one of the Josephite clans, came forward and appealed to Moses and the chieftains, family heads of the Israelites. 2They said, “The Lord commanded my lord to assign the land to the Israelites as shares by lot, and my lord was further commanded by the Lord to assign the share of our kinsman Zelophehad to his daughters. 3Now, if they marry persons from another Israelite tribe, their share will be cut off from our ancestral portion and be added to the portion of the tribe into which they marry; thus our allotted portion will be diminished. 4And even when the Israelites observe the jubilee, their share will be added to that of the tribe into which they marry, and their share will be cut off from the ancestral portion of our tribe.”
5So Moses, at the Lord’s bidding, instructed the Israelites, saying: “The plea of the Josephite tribe is just. 6This is what the Lord has commanded concerning the daughters of Zelophehad: They may marry anyone they wish, provided they marry into a clan of their father’s tribe. 7No inheritance of the Israelites may pass over from one tribe to another, but the Israelites must remain bound each to the ancestral portion of his tribe. 8Every daughter among the Israelite tribes who inherits a share must marry someone from a clan of her father’s tribe, in order that every Israelite may keep his ancestral share. 9Thus no inheritance shall pass over from one tribe to another, but the Israelite tribes shall remain bound each to its portion.”
10The daughters of Zelophehad did as the Lord had commanded Moses: 11Mahlah, Tirzah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Noah, Zelophehad’s daughters, were married to sons of their uncles, 12marrying into clans of descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph; and so their share remained in the tribe of their father’s clan.
13These are the commandments and regulations that the Lord enjoined upon the Israelites, through Moses, on the steppes of Moab, at the Jordan near Jericho.